Arthashastra in Tamil PDF: A Guide to Kautilya's Political Economy
The Arthashastra is a Sanskrit treatise on statecraft, economic policy and military strategy, written by Kautilya, also known as Chanakya, a legendary advisor and minister of the Mauryan Empire in ancient India. The Arthashastra is considered one of the earliest and most influential works on political economy in the world.
But what if you want to read the Arthashastra in Tamil, one of the oldest and most widely spoken languages in India Fortunately, there are several options available for you to access this classic text in Tamil PDF format. Here are some of them:
Wikipedia: The Tamil Wikipedia has a detailed article on the Arthashastra, with a summary of its contents, historical context, authorship, translations and interpretations. You can read it online or download it as a PDF file from the sidebar. The article is based on various sources, including the English translation by R. Shamasastry (1909) and the Tamil translation by Jaico Publishing House (2017). [^1^]
Amazon: If you prefer to read the Arthashastra as an ebook on your Kindle device or app, you can purchase the Tamil edition by Jaico Publishing House from Amazon.in. This edition is based on the English translation by L.N. Rangarajan (1992), who rearranged and edited the original text for clarity and readability. The ebook also includes an introduction by Rangarajan, a glossary of terms and a bibliography. [^2^]
Google Books: Another option to read the Arthashastra in Tamil PDF format is to use Google Books, which allows you to preview and download books for free or for a fee, depending on the publisher's policy. You can find several Tamil editions of the Arthashastra on Google Books, such as the one by S. Ramaswamy (2008), which is based on the English translation by R.P. Kangle (1969). Kangle's translation is considered one of the most authoritative and scholarly versions of the Arthashastra. [^3^]
These are some of the ways you can access the Arthashastra in Tamil PDF format and learn more about Kautilya's political economy. The Arthashastra is a fascinating and relevant text that covers topics such as taxation, trade, agriculture, mining, law, justice, diplomacy, war, espionage and ethics. It offers insights into the ancient Indian civilization and its governance system, as well as practical advice for rulers and administrators. Whether you are interested in history, politics, economics or philosophy, you will find something valuable and inspiring in the Arthashastra.
The Structure and Content of the Arthashastra
The Arthashastra is divided into 15 books, each dealing with a specific aspect of statecraft. The first book introduces the main concepts and terms used in the treatise, such as artha (material gain), dharma (righteousness), anvikshiki (philosophy), trayi (the three Vedas), varta (agriculture, cattle-rearing and trade), and dandaniti (law and punishment). It also defines the qualities and duties of a king, a minister, a civil servant, and a spy.
The second book discusses the various types of states and their relations, such as allies, enemies, neutrals, vassals, and rebels. It also lays down the principles of foreign policy, such as the six methods of dealing with other states: peace, war, neutrality, alliance, march, and double policy. It also advises on how to conduct negotiations, treaties, embassies, and espionage.
The third book deals with the protection of the king and his palace, such as the selection and training of bodyguards, the construction and fortification of the royal residence, the detection and elimination of conspiracies, and the use of secret agents. It also describes the various ceremonies and rituals performed by the king.
The fourth book covers the administration of justice and law enforcement, such as the appointment and supervision of judges, the classification and codification of laws, the procedure and evidence in trials, the types and degrees of punishments, and the prevention and suppression of crimes.
The fifth book focuses on the management of revenue and expenditure, such as the assessment and collection of taxes, the regulation and promotion of trade and commerce, the maintenance and audit of accounts, the allocation and disbursement of funds, and the prevention and detection of embezzlement. aa16f39245